The paint is prepared by holding very finely ground aluminium in suspension either in quick drying spirit varnish or slow drying oil varnish as per the requirements of the surface to be painted. The suspension liquid is spirit or oil, evaporates and a thin metallic film of aluminium is left on the surface. This paint is used for painting wood work and metal surfaces. It is widely used for painting hot water pipes, gas tanks, marine piers, oil storage tanks, radiators, etc.
These paints are used mainly to protect the surface of metallic structural steel work, against the negative effects of acids, corrosive chemicals fumes etc. There are several paints which exhibit these properties. These paints essentially consist of the linseed oil, as vehicle and red lead, zinc oxide, iron oxide, zinc dust, zinc chromate etc. as their base. These paints are cheap, durable and are usually black in colour.
This paint is used for stopping leakage of metal roofs and painting gutters, spouts, flashings etc. to prevent their rusting. The paint is also used as damp proof coat to cover the outer face of the basement walls. This paint can withstand the effects of acidic gases and steam.
This paint consists of asphalt, bitumen or pitches, dissolves in any type of oil or petroleum. The paint is always black in colour but its colour can be modified by mixing certain pigment like red oxide etc. in it. The paint is used mostly for painting iron-works under water. These paints deteriorate when exposed to direct sun. It is also used for water proofing.
These paints are prepared by disbursing aluminium bronze or copper bronze in nitro-cellulose lacquer as vehicle. They produce a very reflective type of surface and hence very useful for being applied on radiators. These paints are equally effective for painting interior or exterior metallic surfaces.
This type of paint is prepared from cellulose sheets, nitro-cotton and photographic films. This paint dries very quickly and provides a flexible, hard and smooth surface. The paint does not harden by oxidation but by evaporation of thinning agent. The surface of the paint can be easily washed and cleaned. It remains unaffected by hot water, smoky or acidic atmosphere. This paint is used for painting cars, aeroplanes etc.
Casein is a product extracted from milk curd. Casein paint when mixed with base like whiting, titanium, lithophone, etc. forms the paint which is usually available in powder or paste form. This paint has high capacity and can be applied on new plaster work. It is usually used on walls, ceilings wall boards, cements block construction etc. to increase the appearance of the surface.
This paint is available in powder form. It consists of white or coloured cement as its base and water acts as a vehicle. No oil or varnish is added to it. This paint is available in variety of shades. It is durable and water-proof. This paint proves to be useful for surfaces which are damp at the time of painting and are also likely to remain damp after painting.
This paint is prepared by adding base like white lead or zinc white to a vehicle which is a varnish. To obtain the desired colour, colouring pigments may also be added. This paint dries slowly and forms a hard, durable, smooth, glossy, solid thin film. Enamel paints can be used both for interior as well as exterior painting.
This paint consists of synthetic resin like polyvinyl acetate. It can be applied easily. It retains its colour for a very long time. The surface of the paint is tough and can be cleaned by washing with water. This paint has excellent resistance against action of alkali. It dries very quickly in about one to two hours.
It is black in colour. It is used over the surface which come in contact with ammonia, chlorine, sulphur gases, etc. It is very much used in under ground railways.
This paint contains a variety of plastics in suspension and is available in the market under different trade name. It is mostly used in show rooms, display rooms, and auditorium etc. It can be applied by spray or by brush.
It is prepared by mixing calcium and finely ground silica with resinous materials. It forms a very hard and durable film on painted surface. It can be directly applied on brick, concrete or plastered surface, but only after wetting them.
This paint is prepared by mixing calcium sulphide with varnish. This paint shines in darkness like radium dials of watches. This paint should be applied on surface which have been rendered free from corrosion or lead paints in particular.
This paint consists of white lead or zinc white mixed with methylated spirit. No turpentine is used in this paint. White lead or zinc white is ground in oil. Shellac with same quantity of linseed oil and castor oil is dissolved in methylated spirit and this mixture is mixed with lead or zinc white paste prepared in linseed oil. This paint dries quickly, but is not durable.
This paint is prepared by treating rubber with chlorine gas (chlorinated rubber) and then dissolving it in suitable solvent. This paint can be used on new concrete and lime plastered surfaces. This paint dries quickly. It is little affected by weather and sunlight. It is resistant against chemical actions, water, etc.
Content retrieved from: http://www.probcguide.com/finishing-works/painting/types-of-paint/.