Abstract The use of steel to reinforce concrete has been a long tradition, which is made possible by its strength and compatibility with concrete. Steel is also considered an ideal material for carrying out seismic-resistant construction due to its ductility and high-energy-absorption capacity. Raw materials from different sources are used in the manufacturing of steel
The 5th International Conference of Euro Asia Civil Engineering Forum (EACEF-5) Abstract Steel has been used for many decades in structural applications because of its good combination of mechanical properties. As per recent concept to reduce steel consumption in reinforced cement concrete (RCC) structures, designers recommend high strength steel bars. There are various routes for
What is bar bending schedule Bar bending schedule is used to give information about the design requirement of reinforcement steel to fitter (steel fabricator) and site execution team. Before actual steel cutting starts, bar bending schedule is to be prepare and get it approved from engineer in charge. Bar bending schedule give information about Dia
Seismic isolation is a good concept in earthquake engineering, having been introduced in the early 1980s in the USA and New Zealand, and as early as 1975 in the former Soviet Union. Quite simply, the idea underlying the technology is to detach the building from the ground in such a way that the earthquake motions
Methods of Tying Several types of ties can be used with rebar. Some are more effective than others. The views in figure illustrate the six types used by the Seabees: (A) snap, or simple, tie, (B) wall tie, (C) double-strand tie, (D) saddle tie, (E) saddle tie with twist, and (F) cross, or figure-eight, tie.
Reinforcing steel bars are used to help concrete withstand tension forces. Concrete by nature is sufficiently strong to compression forces, although tension forces can crack concrete. Deformed rebars on reinforcing steel were made a standard requirement since 1968, however, plain rebars are also used in situations where the reinforcing steel is expected to slide as